Birth Control

Julia Raber, MD

Gynecologist located in New Hyde Park, NY

If you’re sexually active and you’d like to reduce your risk of unintended pregnancy, you have a variety of birth control methods to choose from. With so many options, it’s important to consider your age, medical history, overall health, and sexual activity when selecting the one that’s best for you. At her top-rated boutique practice in New Hyde Park, NY, a board-certified gynecologist Dr. Julia Raber can help you understand your contraception options and find the method that’s right for you. To find out more, call or book your appointment online today

Birth Control Q & A

What are the main forms of birth control?

The first step in making an informed choice about birth control is understanding the various types that are available. The four main categories of birth control are:

  • Hormonal methods: Hormonal contraception prevents ovulation so eggs aren’t available for fertilization. The brith control pill, the Depo Provera shot, contraceptive patch, and vaginal ring are common forms of hormonal birth control.
  • Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC): LARC methods include IUDs and implants. An IUD is a T-shaped device that’s placed in your uterus to prevent sperm from reaching an egg. A hormone-releasing IUD prevents ovulation, while a copper-releasing IUD kills sperm. An implant is a tiny, flexible rod that’s placed in your upper arm, where it releases hormones that prevent ovulation.
  • Barrier methods: This type of birth control stops sperm from entering the uterus. Male condoms, female condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps are common barrier methods.
  • Emergency contraception: A copper IUD and emergency contraceptive pills are the two most effective contraception methods for preventing pregnancy in the hours following unprotected sex or birth control failure.

How do I know which birth control to choose?

After answering any questions you may have about the advantages, drawbacks, and rate of effectiveness for each form of contraception, Dr. Raber can help you choose the method that best meets your personal needs by considering the following factors:

  • Your age, medical history, and health
  • Your sexual activity and number of partners
  • Your level of comfort with the method
  • Potential negative health effects
  • Your future family planning desires

If you usually have heavy or irregular periods, for example, you may get the most benefit from a hormone-based contraceptive, which can help regulate your menstrual cycle.  

If you and your partner aren’t planning to start a family anytime soon and neither of you wants to have to think about birth control every time you’re intimate, an IUD may be your best choice.   

How effective are the various forms of birth control?

It’s important to feel comfortable with your chosen method of birth control because any form of contraception is only fully effective when it’s used properly.

When used correctly, IUDs and implants are approximately 99% effective, hormonal birth control shots are about 94% effective, and hormonal patches, vaginal rings, and birth control pills are about 91% effective.

Dr. Raber will explain how you can ensure that the method you choose is as effective as possible. To learn more about birth control, call her New Hyde Park office or book your appointment online today.  

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